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From firstname.lastname@example.org Thu Aug 31 02:35:25 1995
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Date: Thu, 31 Aug 1995 00:19:33 GMT
Subject: ISOC Forum
Date: Sun, 27 Aug 1995 23:23:51 +0100
From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Michael Uwe Moebius)
Subject: I S O C Forum
THE I S O C FORUM
international electronic publication of the Internet Society
14 August 1995 * * * * * * * * * Vol. 1, No. 1
ISOC Forum is a twice-monthly electronic newsletter of the
Internet Society comprised of timely information about
Internet-related products and services, Internet Society
updates, summaries of Internet news from the international
press, and announcements of relevant conferences, seminars,
IN THIS ISSUE...
Internet Society Elects President, Officers
O'Reilly to Release First Statistically Defensible Data on the
Internet's Size and Composition
Exploring the Web Population's Other Half
Database On European Patents (EPAT) Available On Orbit
The Language of the Internet
Record Rates For Data Transfer Recorded
Best Resources For Eastern Europe From Slovakia
J.P. Morgan Securities Report
Online Sports Novel Sporting Goods Locator
Publications Of Note
ISOC Staff Appointments
INTERNET SOCIETY ELECTS PRESIDENT, OFFICERS
The Internet Society is pleased to announce the election of Lawrence
H. Landweber as president. The announcement was made following the annual
meeting of the Board of Trustees in June at the INET'95 conference in
Previously vice president for Education for the Society, Landweber was
instrumental in creating the International Networking Conference -- or INET
-- which since 1992 has been the annual conference of the Internet Society.
Currently at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, his recent research has
been in the area of higher performance networks. He is leading a project at
Wisconsin that is a component of the NSF/ARPA/CNRI Gigabit Testbed Project.
In 1980, he was one of the founders of CSNET, an early NSF-sponsored
network in support of computer science. Later he helped to establish many
of the early network gateways between the U.S. and other countries.
Dr. Landweber received a B.S. in mathematics from Brooklyn College and
a Ph.D. in computer science from Purdue University. He has been on the
faculty of the Computer Sciences Department of the University of
Wisconsin-Madison since 1967, serving as department chair during 1977-79
Other Internet Society board elections include Geoff Huston
(secretary), Frode Greisen (treasurer), Scott Bradner (vice president for
Standards), George Sadowsky (vice president for Education), and Haruhisa
Ishida (vice president for Chapters and Membership).
An updated list of the Internet Society Board of Trustees with
biographical data is available at http://www.isoc.org.
O'REILLY TO RELEASE FIRST STATISTICALLY DEFENSIBLE DATA ON THE INTERNET'S
SIZE AND COMPOSITION
O'Reilly & Associates announced that in September it will release the
results of the first statistically defensible survey of Internet users.
According to a release by O'Reilly, preliminary results of the second phase
of the survey indicate that the true size of the Internet differs
significantly from current views based on less statistically accurate
Three points from the preliminary data stand out. The first is that
women make up a higher percentage of users, with 34 percent. The second is
that 52 percent had 1994 household incomes of less than $50,000, with a
median income range of $35,000 to $50,000. The third is that 43 percent of
Internet users work in corporations with 1,000 or more employees.
The O'Reilly survey, entitled "Defining the Internet Opportunity
1994-1995," is the first statistically accurate nth-number sampling of
U.S. households. Working in conjunction with Trish Information Services, a
leading market research firm in Hayward, California, this three-phase
program is using random digit dialing procedures to determine the true size
of the Internet audience with a less than one percent sampling error.
Details about the methodology and the scope of the survey are
available via the Web at http://www.ora.com/survey/
(Link inactive 27 May 2004).
EXPLORING THE WEB POPULATION'S OTHER HALF
(Abridged from Exploring the World Wide Web Population's Other Half,
Reporting results from one of the largest Internet surveys to date,
SRI International released new data about users of the World Wide Web,
including who is on it, how they use it, and why. The effort is the first
to augment standard demographics (such as age, income, and gender) with a
psychographic analysis of the Web population. Utilizing SRI's VALS 2, the
survey explored the psychology of people's choices and behavior on the Web.
The survey generated more than 5,500 responses between February and May of
The results paint a picture of two Web audiences. The first is the
group that drives most of the media coverage and stereotypes of Web users
-- the "upstream" audience. Comprising 50 percent of the current Web
population, this well-documented group is the upscale, technically oriented
academics and professionals that ride on a variety of institutional
subsidies. Yet because this group comprises only 10 percent of the U.S.
population in the VALS 2 system, their behaviors and characteristics are of
limited usefulness in understanding the future of the Web.
The second Web audience comprises a diverse set of groups that SRI
calls the Web's "other half." Accounting for the other 90 percent of the
U.S. society, these groups are where Internet growth will increasingly need
to take place if the medium is to go mainstream. Among the SRI survey's
findings of the Web's other half are:
* The other-half gender split -- 64% male and 36% female -- is
significantly more balanced than the upstream group's split of 77% and 23%.
* Many information-intensive consumers in the U.S. population are in the
other-half population rather than the upstream population. These particular
other-half consumers report the highest degree of frustration with the Web
of a population segment. Although they drive much of the
consumer-information industry in other media, they as a group have yet to
find the Web particularly valuable.
* The "information have-nots" -- those groups not on the Web at all -- are
excluded not because of low income but because of limited education.
Although income of the Web audience is somewhat upscale, it includes a
substantial number of low-income users. The same cannot be said of
education, which basically has a high-end-only distribution: 97% of the
upstream audience and 89% of the other-half audience reports at least some
college education, including the low-income respondents. These results
confirm that education is the key to Internet participation, which calls
into question the effectiveness of proposals to empower information
have-nots with income-targeted subsidies for Internet access.
DATABASE ON EUROPEAN PATENTS (EPAT) AVAILABLE ON ORBIT
Questel*Orbit, a member of the France Telecom Group, announced in June
that the Database of European Patents, EPAT, is being made available on the
Orbit online service. Produced by the Institut National de la Propriete
Industrielle (INPI), the French Patent and Trademark office, covers all
European patents issued since 1978, including published applications and
The database contains more than 500,000 records with abstracts in the
language of publication (English, French, or German). All patentable fields
are fully searchable and clearly labeled for ease of use.
For more information, call the Washington, DC-area office of
Questel*Orbit, Inc. at +1 703-442-0900.
THE LANGUAGE OF THE INTERNET
English may be the international language of business and science, but
millions of Internet users outside the United States are intent on assuring
that 'a thousand languages bloom' as the Internet becomes ever more
globalized. For those people, relief may be on the way in the form of new
technology. The New York Times reported on 7 August that a consortium of
American computer companies has developed a universal digital code known as
Unicode, which allows computers to represent the letters and characters of
virtually all the world's languages.
Although translation software is not new, Unicode offers the
opportunity to make the Internet truly multilingual. The Times credits the
proliferation of non-English-based Web pages as well as growing concern
over the Americanization of the Internet as key issues for proponents of
Unicode is a standard born out of a collaboration among computer
systems vendors. It was finally accepted by the OSI standards community a
couple of years ago as the basis for depicting all characters in a common 2
octet (16 bits) code.
RECORD RATES FOR DATA TRANSFER RECORDED
The January-March 1995 issue of Gather/Scatter, the publication of the
San Diego Supercomputer Center reported that during a December 1994 test
run across the 2,000-kilometer link between SDSC and LANL, the researchers
attained data transfer rates of up to 500 Mbits per second for the TCP/IP
protocol. These rates set a new record for dta transfer over a wide-area
network using the TCP/IP protocol.
In addition, during the same test run, bandwidths of up to 578 Mbits per
second were measured for the UDP protocol between the two Cray computers,
and up to 784 Mbits per second for the raw HIPPI protocol between the two
HIPPI testers. The TCP/IP and UDP bandwidths are near the maximum that
could be sustained by the Cray supercomputers in production mode,
indicating that the wide-area network did not limit the achievable
BEST RESOURCES FOR EASTERN EUROPE FROM SLOVAKIA
According to the Slovakia Document Store
(Link inactive 27 May 2004)), there's something to be said
for being Number 2. Overshadowed by the Czech lands in general, and the
Golden City of Prague in particular, Slovakia maintains a distinct and
fascinating culture to investigate. And you can do all the
you wish at this impressive Web site.
Particular attention should be paid to the Media, News section, where you
can access daily and weekly newspapers as well other news and information
services from Eastern Europe. Included in the list are Pravda, SDS Media
Digest, Voice of America, and Citizen's voice.
J.P. MORGAN SECURITIES REPORT
A J.P. Morgan Securities report, titled "The World Wide Web: Globally
Connected, Plain and Simple!" was distributed in May to the investment
community. The 20-page report provides an overview of many technology
firms' initiatives to leverage the World Wide Web with their products and
services. In addition, information is provided to develop a basic
understanding of how the Web works. As part of this effort, J.P. Morgan has
made the report available on their Web server (http://www.jpmorgan.com),
located under "Products and Services, Industry Research." The Web version
links to approximately 100 technology companies' home pages. Those
interested in obtaining a hard copy of the report should send e-mail to
Paul J. Dravis at email@example.com and include your name and
address (via telephone call +1 212-648-9249).
ONLINE SPORTS NOVEL SPORTING GOODS LOCATOR
Making it easier for sports and recreation businesses and consumers to
use and shop the Internet, Online Sports Monday released the Online Sports
Web Site (http://www.onlinesports.com), a new resource for sports products
and services. Similar to the mega directory YAHOO, the Online Sports
catalog has thousands of links to sports equipment, apparel, collectibles
and services. Products are indexed and cross referenced anticipating
different shopping patterns and allowing users to browse by sport,
department, item name, or to shop directly by supplier.
In addition to the catalog, the Online Sports home page offers other sport
resources including the new Sports Career Center.
PUBLICATIONS OF NOTE
* Global Information Infrastructure: Agenda for Cooperation, United States
Government Information. $4.95. +1 202-512-1800. Orders must cite
appropriate stock number -- 003-000-00677-8.
* The Future Does Not Compute, by Stephen L. Talbott. O'Reilly &
Associates, Inc. $22.95. Available at bookstores or call 800-988-9938.
* Using Email Effectively, by Linda Lamb and Jerry Peek. O'Reilly &
Associates, Inc. $14.95. Available at bookstores or call 800-988-9938.
ISOC STAFF APPOINTMENTS
DONNA LEGGETT NAMED DIRECTOR OF CONFERENCES AND EXTERNAL AFFAIRS
Donna Leggett joined the Society on May 1st as the staff member
responsible for coordination of the INET conferences, the Symposium on
Network and Distributed System Security, and the Developing Countries
Internet Training Workshops. She previously managed conferences for Educom
and for the Optical Society of America, both located in Washington, DC.
JAY WHITTLE NAMED SYSTEMS ADMINISTRATOR
Jay Whittle recently joined the Internet Society as technical advisor
and systems administrator. Following his graduation from Georgetown
University in June 1989, Jay began working as a research programmer analyst
at GU's Academic Computer Center where he was responsible for supporting
faculty and graduate student research as well as maintaining the Internet
Consider this is YOUR forum. Contribute news, information, queries, and
other information via e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org. Please use ISOC FORUM as
the subject line.
Subscribe to THE ISOC FORUM by sending e-mail to email@example.com. Type ISOC
FORUM in the subject line and include your name and e-mail address in the
body of the message.
For information about joining the Internet Society, contact
firstname.lastname@example.org (individual membership), email@example.com
(organizational membership), URL: http://www.isoc.org.
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